Israel. This fascinating country is about the size of New Jersey and is a wondrous collage of culture, industry, commerce and religion. Its geographical areas are some of the most fascinating in the world, especially considering the country’s small size.

Coastal Plain

Coastal Plan, Caesarea

The most-populated region in Israel, this area is known for its agricultural settlements, particularly citrus groves. The long, white sandy beaches make this a popular area for vacationers.

Tel Aviv, Israel’s largest city, also sits on the coastal plain. Its high energy likens it to such metropolitan cities as New York City. Tel Aviv is also a center of commerce, industry and culture.


Highlands, Jerusalem

This complex region extends from Mount Hermon through the Galilean and Samarian hillsides, and down to Jerusalem. The hills in the east and the south are rough and rugged, while the northern and western hills are more green and rolling. Both areas are known for agriculture and diverse plant life.

Jordan Rift Valley

Jordan Rift Valley, Sea of Galilee

Originating in Syria, the Great Rift Valley continues to Mozambique in southern Africa, with the narrow passage through Israel referred to as the Jordan Rift Valley. It follows the Jordan River to the Dead Sea on to the Red Sea. It also includes the Sea of Galilee.

The Sea of Galilee is known by several names including Sea of Chinnereth (or Kinneret), Lake of Gennesaret, or Lake Tiberias. Because of its small size (13 mi x 8 mi), it’s actually considered a lake. Several towns border its shores and it’s a popular vacation destination.

Negev Desert

Neveg Desert, Israel

The Dead Sea is one of the most popular and well-known areas of the Negev. Rich in nutrients and minerals, this area is known for it’s healing properties. The Dead Sea is the lowest point on earth and floating in its warm waters is a fun highlight of any visit.

Making up over half of Israel’s landmass, this rocky desert extends to the southernmost tip of Israel. The resort city of Eilat is located here at the Gulf of Aqaba and is a popular resort destination. This area features a variety of water sports as well as a marine reserve.

Israel’s geography is just one of the country’s remarkable features. Besides its obvious religious significance, this tiny country boasts a rich history, diverse culture, and exquisite beauty. There’s nowhere on earth like it!

Feature images courtesy of Susan Stilwell.