You take Wi-Fi for granted but you need to understand that wireless connectivity is not magic. It’s radio waves. The radio waves are possible to be interfered with or obstructed, thereby producing dead spots or dead zones. The wireless signals cannot penetrate these dead zones and thus, the wireless devices are not able to receive Wi-Fi signals.
Reasons that Cause Wireless Dead Zones
All of you must have noticed this. The farther you go from the router, harder it is to detect a signal. At the farthest point from the router, for example, the back porch or the basement, you may lose the connection completely.
Things like doors, walls as well as other appliances may also cast an impact on the signal strength. Drywall reduces the strength of the signal by around 50%. The bigger appliances like stoves or fridges are worse, resulting 80% or more loss. The devices that produce signal interference like microwaves or the baby monitors may hamper the performance of the network. Other networks in the neighborhood also interfere with the Wi-Fi signals.
The wireless dead zones are not hard to find if you take a walk around your office, house or the apartment.
Find the Wi-Fi Dead Spots
To eliminate the dead spots in the wireless network, you need to find them. How can you find the dead spots?
- Track Complaints
If it is your home, you must be aware of the places where you are not receiving a proper connection. In case you are dealing with dead spots in your office, track complaints. Your visitors and employees will let you know in case they find it hard to connect in a given spot.
- Check Manually
Nowadays, it is hard to find people without smartphones. You must be having one as well. With your smartphone, you get a portable Wi-Fi signal detector. Take a look around your home or office to find the places that do not offer adequate network.
- Hire Experts
If you find it hard to detect the areas suffering networking concerns, get in touch with a specialist. They come with the right tools that allow them to map the coverage as well as usage of the network.
Assess the Connection
If you have found a wireless dead zone in your house, you can take up a test to find the places the connection drops as well as the extent to which it drops. These tests will give you a general idea of the download and the upload speed as well as the latency. If you are having high latency and slow speeds, there are high chances of being in the dead zone.
Fix the Problem
Set up Additional Routers
One of the best ways to fix the wireless dead zones is the usage of additional routers. The question that follows this suggestion is, how the wireless routers can be connected together?
You can, no doubt, set up another router but now the question is, how will it access your internet connection and provide access to other devices on a given network? At times, you can get away simply by using a Wi-Fi repeater and at times, you can opt for another identical refurbished router.
Change the Location of the Wireless Router
Change the location of the wireless router; this will help with improving the connectivity and speed of most routers. Make sure to put the router in a more centralized location.
While finding a suitable position for your wireless router, make sure to consider the following aspects.
- Decide on the rooms that need the highest connectivity and then measure the signal strength.
- For improving the signal strength for all the rooms, find a centralized location for the wireless router. Make sure to choose a place where there will be little penetration from the brick walls and metal objects.
- Verify whether you are getting higher signal strength.
Consider a Repeater
This is one of the most popular techniques used in eliminating the dead spots and extending the range of the wireless network. A wireless range extender or a repeater will enhance the range of wireless LAN through extension of the wireless signal of the LAN. The repeater will be picking up the signal from the wireless access point and then rebroadcast it to the clients. There are several APs that you can configure to function as repeater. Take a look at the specifications of the manufacturer and find out whether this is possible. Also check whether the repeater is compatible with the existing network before you move on to make the purchase.
Dead spots and slow zones can be caused by an array of factors. These pitfalls are possible to avoid by moving the router to a centralized location or by choosing a better channel.
Utilization of proper Wi-Fi knowledge coupled with the usage of a few troubleshooting tools will help with building the future as well as aid in identifying the causes behind poor Wi-Fi performance.