Twitter as the mysterious online cousin to the mobile text message has always been branded with strange names.
Twitter users have often been associated with terms such as Twits, Tweeps and Twerps and have hidden their tweeting idiosyncrasies from friends and family. Like an alcoholic hides their bottles.
The 140 character limit has been cast as not necessary in a world of “Big Data”, where saying a lot is valued more than saying less.
I have often been asked to explain what Twitter means at dinner parties and one of my favorite phrases has been
“It is like a SMS on Steroids”
Its brevity is its charm and strength.
Is it Being Used by the Younger Generation?
In 2010 I was lecturing at the International College of Management to a class of 18 to 24 year old students.
I asked who was on Twitter and only one had the courage to own up in front of their peers.
Fast forward 18 months and a different class but with the same demographics, I asked the same question, instead of one hand I saw five.
It appears that Twitter is gaining acceptance amongst the millennial generation.
Is my “very” scientific research supported?
According to the Pew Research Center’s Study it is and here are some of the facts and figures.
Is Twitter Growing?
The Pew Research Center Study revealed the following
- Some 15% of online adults use Twitter as of February 2012
- 8% do so on a typical day.
- Overall Twitter usage has nearly doubled since November 2010.
- The percentage of online adults who use Twitter on a typical day has doubled since May 2011
- The proportion of of adults using Twitter on a typical day has quadrupled (now 8%) since late 2010 where it stood at 2%.
The rise of smartphones might account for some of the uptick in usage because smartphone users are particularly likely to be using Twitter. This is in part because Twitter is now embedded in the Apple iOS5 mobile operating system and can be used as easily as sending a text message.
Who Uses Twitter?
Several demographic groups stand out as having high rates of Twitter usage relative to their peers.
- African-American internet users continue to use Twitter at high rates. More than one quarter of online African-Americans (28%) use Twitter, with 13% doing so on a typical day (this is nearly double the overall average)
- Young adults — One quarter (26%) of internet users ages 18-29 use Twitter, nearly double the rate for those ages 30-49.
- City residents — Residents of urban areas are significantly more likely to use Twitter than their rural counterparts.
Among the youngest internet users (those ages 18-24), fully 31% are Twitter users. These numbers on the 18-24 demographic reveal that the heavy use of texting is also moving to Twitter which will have some implications for advertising on Twitter by marketers and brands over time
How Old are They?
Twitter use within the overall population remained steady over the last year, and usage rates within most major demographic groups changed little over the same time period.
There are some standouts.
- Twitter use among 18-24 year olds increased dramatically between May 2011 and February 2012, both overall and on a “typical day” basis.
- Nearly one third of internet users in this age group now use Twitter, up from 18% in May of 2011 and 16% in late 2010
What hasn’t changed much is the Twitter use by those in their mid-20s to mid-40s which largely leveled off in the last year after roughly doubling between late 2010 and mid 2011.
What is Typical day of Twitter Usage?
In addition to increasing on an overall basis, the proportion of young internet users who use Twitter on a typical day also doubled over the last year. Fully one in five internet users ages 18-24 (20%) now use Twitter on a typical day, up from 9% in May 2011.
Notably, “typical day” usage among slightly older adults (those ages 25-34) also doubled—from 5% of such internet users in May 2011 to 11% in February 2012—even as overall usage levels within this group remained stable over that time period.
Who Uses Twitter on Mobiles?
Twitter and the “Mobile Difference”
There is a strong relationship between youth, mobility and Twitter use when looking specifically at Twitter use on mobile phones. Twitter usage is highly correlated with the use of mobile technologies, especially smartphones.
- One in five smartphone owners (20%) are Twitter users
- 13% using the service on a typical day
By contrast, internet users who own more basic mobile phones are
- Roughly half as likely to use Twitter overall (9% do so)
- Just 3% of these more basic phone owners are “typical day” users.
Indeed, this correlation between Twitter adoption and smartphone ownership may help to explain the recent growth in Twitter usage among young adults. Those ages 18-24 are not just the fastest growing group when it comes to Twitter adoption over the last year—they also experienced the largest increase in smartphone ownership of any demographic group over the same time period.
As with general Twitter usage, smartphone owners are much more likely than average to use Twitter on their phones (overall 16% of smartphone owners use Twitter on their phones, and 10% do so on a typical day).
As with our general Twitter usage findings, cell owners ages 18-24 are more likely than older cell owners to use Twitter within the context of their mobile devices—fully one in five 18-24 year old cell owners (22%) use Twitter on their phones, and 15% do so on a typical day.
African Americans and Latinos (both of whom have high rates of smartphone ownership) also stand out as heavy mobile Twitter users.
There are two major takeways that have implications for marketers.
- The growth of smart phone adoption is highly correlated to the growth of Twitter usage.
- The 400% growth in Twitter usage by 18-24 year olds
How About You
Are you using Twitter more? Do you prefer to tweet from your mobile rather than your laptop or desktop.
What do you tweet about. Are you using Twitter to share your Instagram photos?
Look forward to hearing your stories.